Asthma is a chronic disease that commonly attacks the airways of the lungs. During an asthmatic attack, serious inflammation occurs due to excessive sticky secretions inside the bronchial tubes. When asthma symptoms are triggered the airways become swollen. Constant swelling of airways leads to other major complications such as wheezing, shortness of breath, chest tightness, and coughing.
Primary Causes of Asthma:
There are a number of reasons responsible for the asthma outbreak. The disease can attack if an individual has family history of this disease. A few other allergic conditions namely eczema, food allergy or hay fever are also the cause of asthma. Chances of getting affected with Asthma also increased if one have serious infections of the airways. A person who is allergic to pollen, dust mites, animal fur or feathers may also get the asthma symptoms. A few pain-killers such as aspirin and ibuprofen escalate the impact of asthma. The impact of the attack goes severe if an affected person comes in contact with cigarette smoke and chemical fumes. The following are the primary causes of asthma:
- Foods containing sulphites
- Weather conditions
- Airway and chest infections
- Airborne irritants
- Some indoor conditions
Primary Symptoms of Asthma:
It is tough to identify and track the early signs of asthma but as time passes the symptoms worsen and make it tough for patients to get involved in daily activities. The early signs of asthma include:
- Frequent cough
- Shortness of breath
- Coughing or wheezing attacks
- Feeling tired after workout
- Sudden decreases or changes in lung functions
Asthma may have several symptoms that could be life-threatening. In case you experience any of the symptoms stated above consult your doctor immediately.
Primary Diagnosis and Treatment:
A doctor analyzes the family history of the disease and conducts some tests to diagnose the disease. They start treatment in order to steadily control the airway swelling and help patients to go through the normal activities without any hassle. Doctors conduct a breathing test to determine the intensity of swelling in the airways. Some other vital tests are also done including allergy blood tests and a chest X-ray to diagnose the disease. Patients are also suggested with improvement in lifestyle changes and prescribed scheduled medication dose to treat asthma. Some the prescribed drugs for asthma are Advair, Singulair and Flovent. Patients must take this drug under the doctor’s supervision.